This short chapter provides a more technical presentation of the affects of a Vogel-cut crystal
on water.  Some of the less technical aspects of this have been already presented in the chapter devoted
to crystals, but for those with a greater scientific inclination the following pages may be of interest.

The stories of water being transformed by placing a small unfaceted crystal into a gallon of drinking
water are often greatly exaggerated. The introduction of virtually any foreign substance into water changes
its taste. Subjecting the water to the rigors of scientific testing reveals no physical changes whatsoever.
It may be that there are non-physical changes in the water, but this is not usually what the proponents of
these ideas are telling us. I am speaking here of three-dimensional chemical changes.

          Even though science does not offer answers to all, it can be a good place to begin.
With no basic foundation it is very easy to simply spin fantasies that have no basis in this reality.
It is possible, however, to transform water and other fluidic mediums through the use of crystals.
But how?

          The information in this chapter is directly from the work of Marcel Vogel.
Some of it is from written information that he passed on to me. Some of it is from conversations
had. I made what notes I could at these times. The remainder is from research I have done
on my own in an attempt to understand what Marcel had told me. I am not a chemist or a scientist
so I have had to read about water chemistry in order to understand the processes of structuring water.
Any errors that appear in this chapter are a result of my own misunderstanding and do not necessarily
reflect the research and theories of Marcel Vogel. I have done my best to communicate what he was
attempting to show us.

          In magnetics, when an electrical current is applied to a straight length of wire virtually no field is
induced. A current is a flow of electrons through the wire.
Coil the wire, however, and a field can be detected.
If the spacing between each turn is correct the field will be amplified.

          Similarly with water, if there is a flow of water through a straight length of Pyrex tubing
no field is generated. Coil this tubing with the appropriate spacing and a field is induced. This field
measures 0.07 gauss. When the water is pumped through a coil surrounding a charged Vogel-cut crystal
the water becomes a permanent magnet while still remaining fluid.A magnetic moment is stored in the water
that remains after the water stops spinning. This field can be erased with a bulk demagnetizer, just like magnetic recording tape.

The primary discovery about the Vogel-cut crystal was its resonance with the water molecule. It was
found that if triple distilled water, with a minute amount of silica added, was passed through a coiled Pyrex
glass tube surrounding an appropriately charged Vogel crystal, the water would be altered at the molecular
level. The water was poured through a funnel into the coiled tubing and moved through the coil by the pull
of gravity. No pump was used.

Normally, bulk water has an amorphous molecular pattern that is he arrangement of molecules is random.
After having been spun around a charged Vogel crystal, a variety of changes were noted:

1.    a significant number of molecules become aligned into a systematic and repeating pattern (this is the definition of a crystal);

2.    the surface tension of the water decreased;

3.    two new bands of light appear: one in the ultra-violet and the other in the infra-red part of the light
spectrum (indicating a strengthening of the molecular bonding producing more energy)

4.    the pH of the water is altered as much as 3 points in either direction, acid or alkaline;

5.    and the freezing point of the water can drop to as low as -30 degrees C!

          How does this happen?

          It is important first to look at the nature of water and take a simplified and easy journey through the
world of water chemistry.



          An atom consists of a nucleus made up of positively charged protons and neutral or non-charged neutrons.
Orbiting around the nucleus like planets are negatively charged electrons. There can be many
shells or orbits around the nucleus in which electrons can travel. The first shell can have only
two electrons. Shells two and three can have up to eight electrons each and the fourth shell can
hold up to eighteen. For our purposes here this is all we need consider.





          When an electron shell is full it is unable to take on any more electrons.
When it has less than its complement it then has space to accept more usually from another atom,
up to the maximum of electrons it can maintain in its outermost shell as described above.

          As we know, water (H20) consists of one oxygen atom and two hydrogen atoms.
The oxygen atom has eight protons (+charge), eight neutrons (no charge) in its nucleus,
and eight electrons (-charge) in two orbital shells. The arrangement of the electrons is two in
the first shell and six in the second shell, making a total of eight. As the second shell is not full,
the oxygen atom has the ability to manage two more electrons from another atom.

          Fortunately, a couple of hydrogen atoms are just perfect for the job. A hydrogen atom consists of a
nucleus with one proton and one electron orbiting in the first shell. The electrons of two hydrogen atoms
are just what the oxygen atom needs to feel complete. These three atoms come together and attach through
what is called a covalent bond. This type of bond occurs when the outer electrons of one atom are shared
with outer electrons of another. The shared electrons are called “valence” electrons hence, “covalent.

A covalent bond is very strong and the force that holds the atoms together is a physical force, much
like gravity, or magnetism. It is sometimes called a weak nuclear force.

A single water molecule is written H20 and can be drawn as a model like this:






The basic configuration of a water molecule is a tetrahedron. 




      Within the water molecule the bonding is a strong covalent bond.
water molecules there is a weaker ionic bond.
Ionic bonds are formed when atoms that have lost or gained an electron attach to each
other. An ionic bond is electrically charged and forms in water when the oxygen atom of one
water molecule connects itself to the hydrogen atom of an adjacent water molecule.
This particular kind of ionic bonding is called a hydrogen bond.






          The distance between the oxygen and hydrogen atoms within a water molecule is
.957-angstrom units. An angstrom unit is very, very tiny measurement of one billionth of a millimeter







          The distance or length of the bond between the oxygen and hydrogen atoms between
two adjacent water molecules is 1.76-angstrom units.

This means that the distance between the oxygen atoms of two adjacent water molecules is
2.717angstrom units. This is a simple matter of adding .957 and 1.76. The distance between two oxygen
atoms of adjacent water molecules is called the 0 – 0 distance (oxygen to oxygen).




          These measurements can change. When water is cooled the distance from oxygen to oxygen
atoms between water molecules becomes smaller. When water is heated this distance gets bigger up to
a maximum of about 2.95-angstrom units at 200 degrees Celsius. Water boils at 100 degrees C.

Hydrogen bonds (the connection of the hydrogen atom of one water molecule to the oxygen atom
of an adjacent water molecule) can be permanent as in the covalent bond
within a water molecule.
They can also be temporary as in the ionic bond between water molecules. The ionic bond between water molecules is
always breaking apart and reconnecting and breaking apart and reconnecting…

Water is always moving internally. It is a “sea” of random or amorphous molecules coming together and
 then going apart. It’s as if the molecules are always saying, “Hello, I must be going” to each other.

          When the temperature of water is lowered or where the water molecules contact air (as in the surface
of a lake or the surface of the water in your drinking glass) there is increased or strengthened hydrogen
bonding as already mentioned. The internal movement in the water will slow down. Actually, a lot of things
are going on, but we’ll get to those later.



Water becomes ionized when the water molecule is broken down into a positively charged hydrogen
ion (H+) and a negatively charged hydroxyl ion (OH-). This can be accomplished with electromagnetic energy in the form of
ultra-violet light or static electricity.

          When a hydrogen ion (H+) and a hydroxyl ion (OH-) combine (as In fig.   ), a water molecule with a
neutral charge is formed.





When the two ions remain separate, the water takes on an electrical charge or potential. Ionized water
is more alive and has the ability to neutralize impurities. The hydroxyl ion will react with acids to neutralize
them and the hydrogen ion reacts with alkalines to neutralize them. When two hydroxyl ions come together hydrogen peroxide is formed (H202).
The extra oxygen atom will cause a reaction with hydrocarbons and oxidize them.
This means that hydrogen peroxide will burn off excess fats and hydrocarbons in the cells.
For this reason some people drink heavily diluted hydrogen peroxide (usually a one or two per cent solution)
in an attempt to rid their body of unwanted accumulates. The reaction of hydroxyl and hydrogen ions
described above could also play a role in sewage and water treatment by the neutralization of acid and
alkaline elements of the waste. If these ions could become bonded as they are in structured water, they
would exist for longer periods of time and be able to create beneficial reactions in polluted materials.
Normally these bonds exist for such a short period of time that there effect is minimal.

As mentioned, UV light can ionize water. This is why sunlight can reduce or eliminate the bacteria population in water.
It is the increased oxygen content in the water that kills the bacteria. Ionized water tends
to be more electrically active than non-ionized water. Aeration can also add oxygen to water but it is
relatively inefficient. If, however, aeration and a structuring process were combined
somewhat significant amounts of oxygen could be added to water with very beneficial results.



Structured water can be thought of as water that has a greater degree of bonding between adjacent
water molecules than does unstructured or bulk water. This happens when water becomes ice,
yet when it is structured in the way that will be described, it maintains its liquid state.
It is ionized and also forms crystalline-like structures consisting of elongated chains of molecules
that can be differentiated from the surrounding water molecules by qualities that are in keeping with
qualities found in liquid crystals such as increased birefringence and a lowering of the freezing point.

Birefringence is a property demonstrated by crystals such as calcite of forming two refracting rays from
a single incident ray. One ray, the ordinary ray follows the normal laws of refraction.
The second, or extraordinary ray..
The bonding between adjacent water molecules has already been discussed in a preliminary way, as has ionization.
Chain formation happens when the water molecules form into chains of crystalline-like structures.
With the right conditions, the basic tetrahedral pattern of bonded water molecules comes together to
form chains of hexagonal rings. The “right” conditions will be described shortly.

Structured water is a lyotropic mesophase. What does this mean? “Lyo” means “in water” and
“meso” means, “middle”. A lyotropic mesophase is, therefore, a mid way or middle phase between a
liquid and a solid. It is neither one nor the other. A liquid crystal is a formation that is somewhere between
a solid and a liquid. The chain formations in structured water are liquid crystals that are surrounded by a
“sea” of unstructured water.

There is naturally occurring structured water in lakes, ponds, streams, and so on. The UV light from
the sun structures the water at the surface. There is an interesting phenomenon in lakes regarding the temperature of the water.
At the surface the water is cold. As one goes a little deeper it warms up and finally
near the bottom it is very cold. This happens because the water at the surface that has become
structured due to ionization and the crystalline chains in the water radiate heat.
Due to their loss of heat and consequent lower internal temperature these molecular chains in
the water become colder than the surrounding unstructured water. Just below the level where
this is happening the water is warmer because there are no crystalline molecular chains to be losing heat.
It is cold again at the bottom. Typically, when water is structured it becomes colder due to the
tighter bonding of its molecules.


Illustration of gradient temps in lake



In water this mesophase condition is always changing with the chains forming and breaking and reforming.
The speed at which this process occurs is called “bond formation time” and it can be lengthened
by the presence of various types of molecules such as silicon. Just the addition of 0.01% of silica to water
can make dramatic changes. It will increase the bond formation time (BFT) from one, one hundred billionth
of a second in unstructured water to anywhere from one to ten days for structured water. Bond formation
time is the length of time a molecular bond remains intact.

Water that flows over sand, which is silicon dioxide (SiO2), will become structured because
the oxygen of the silicon dioxide bonds form hydrogen bonds with the hydrogen in the water.
The water will tend to stick to the sand. The water is trying to carry the sand away and the sand is
trying to slow down the water. This resistance or friction breaks the water molecules apart into
hydroxyl and hydrogen ions. The ions bond into structured water and can create the oxidation effects
described earlier.

Water will also become structured in the presence of collagen and erythrocytes (red blood cells).
DNA can also cause water to structure. The organic molecules throughout the body bond a large number of
the water molecules onto their chains. Water in any living organism is highly structured. Possibly, if one
drank structured water the body would not have to spend so much energy to structure the water itself.



The term “microphase” refers to the angular, geometrical alignments that water molecules have when
they become structured. Structured water has a microphase (the structure) and a mesophase, (the condition
of the structure). The term microstate is interchangeable with microphase.

Quartz crystal, for example, has a microstate but no mesophase. Quartz is a solid crystal, not a meso
or middle phase between a liquid and a solid.

The basic geometrical pattern for water (and quartz) is the tetrahedron. Four water molecules will form the points of the tetrahedron (fig.   ).





          The space in the center of the tetrahedron can remain empty, it can be filled by another water molecule,
or it can be occupied by any of a number of other molecules that might be in the water such as iron, silica,
sodium chloride and so on.

          When they bond together, the water molecules form tetrahedrons moving in one direction (relative to
the group) and also another type of alignment moving in another direction. The other type of alignment is
called a tilted hexagonal ring. The tilting happens because when any three water molecules come together,
instead of forming the normal 120o angle, found in a hexagon, they will form a bonding angle of 109.5o.
This reduction in the angle causes the ring to become tilted or crumpled.






          Davis and Litovitz, in their article “Two-state theory of Structured Water” suggest that:

1.    A close-packed ring occurs when high and low molecules in the layered rings (or chains) are directly
over one another. i.e. the crumples or deformities match

2.    An open packed ring occurs where one ring has rotated 60o and the low point of one ring is directly
over the high point of the ring above or below it. The result is that there is a space between the
two rings.




Illustration next page; Marcel  Water p4-23




          The formation of structured water is best described by the open packed arrangement mentioned above.
Snowflakes, for example, demonstrate a perfect 60o hexagonal ring. Each 60o ring in the snowflake is caused
by a series of 60o rings rotating as the close-packed ring is transformed into an open-packed ring.

          The rotation through 60o happens very suddenly without the molecules stopping at any smaller angle.
This is typical in the formation of liquid crystals.

In the structured state water molecules have an angular, geometrical alignment. Quartz crystals also
have this but as a permanent solid state. If one compares the various angles of the quartz molecule and the
water molecule, a possible basis for resonance between the two can be found.

          The fundamental geometrical pattern of quartz and water is the tetrahedron. Water molecules, bound
together, form tetrahedra in the form of tilted rings.
This tilting happens because of the bonding angle that exists between any three water molecules.
This angle is approximately 109.5o. The normal flat hexagonal pattern formed by the bonding of
tetrahedra has angles of 120o.

Water molecules with smaller angles, if they are to be formed into a hexagon, must have an
uneven structure that is not in a flat plane, but instead is three-dimensional. The uneven structure is
formed by what is called the angle of tilt. This angle can be between 20o and 60o, but the most common
and stable angle is 26o. This is where the intermolecular bond is the strongest and it happens to be half
of the interlattice angle of quartz. The second most common bonding angle for water is 54o.
This is also quite close to the interlattice angle of quartz.

          The interlattice angle of a crystal is related to the basal angle. The basal angle is 1/2 of the angle of the
tip of the crystal. The interlattice angle of quartz is 90o minus the basal angle, which is 38o. Therefore the interlattice angle is 52o.
This is also the angle of the base of the Cheops pyramid. The 52o angle is found at the point where the
body of the crystal meets the tip. This is also called the girdle.





          The interlattice bonding angle of 52o in quartz is related to the intramolecular and
intermolecular angle of the bonds in water. The bonding angle between molecules for water is
about 104.5o. This is the angle that exists between the hydrogen atoms of each water molecule.
It is virtually double that of the interlattice angle for quartz.






          It is possible that there is a compatible harmonic between water and quartz because of the
similarity of these angles. This could allow a resonant transfer of energies that are stored within the
crystal to a significant number of water molecules in any given sample.

          The structure of quartz can replicate itself in water because it is a resonant transfer based on
structure and the frequencies produced by that structure. The geometry produces frequency patterns and harmonics that can transfer into water.
Very small amounts of energy are required for this transfer. Electromagnetic and acoustical energy can be imparted into the crystal and then
transferred into the structure of a grouping of water molecules.

The nature of resonant systems is such that a minimal input can achieve a maximal output.
Resonance develops between quartz and spinning water based on structure and frequency and
small amounts of energy. Water will take on the same crystallographic pattern as quartz.




Water can be in the form of a solid, liquid, or gas. As water cools the distance between molecules
becomes smaller. This distance is the O – O distance described earlier.
The O – O distance is the distance between the two oxygen atoms of adjacent water molecules.
The minimum O – O distance is reached at 4oC.
At 0oC the distance becomes a little larger. Water attains greatest density and minimum O – O distance at
4o C. As it freeze the O – O distance increases, therefore it also becomes less dense. This is why ice floats.
The ice is less dense than the water on which it is forming. As the water freezes the energy stored in the
atomic structures is converted into a force field, a weak nuclear force.
This field holds atoms together as they form molecules crystalline structures – ice!

In physics there is a formula that Energy = Force X Distance. This means that the conversion of energy
to force requires moving that force through space (distance). When water molecules move apart as
temperature is decreased from 4oC to 0oC the distance the molecules move is related to the force that is
holding them together as ice or water. This dynamic should be true for all crystals whether liquid or solid.
All crystals should expand slightly as they form out of the liquid state. Although seemingly contradictory to
the idea that crystalline microstates are more compact than the surrounding liquid, crystals of a particular
substance should be less dense than the non-crystalline solution from which they emerge. This is because
the contraction that occurs in the crystalline microstate of water happens only between adjacent molecules
that form individual crystalline clusters. Individual clusters or rings are rotated and slightly pushed away
from each other. This causes a crystalline state that is three-dimensional.

During individual cluster contraction and multiple layer cluster expansion, some molecules are
moving closer together and some are moving further apart. There will be space between layered rings or
clusters and this causes a structure that is less dense that its non-crystalline origins.
The difference between crystal and non-crystal is how adjacent molecules bond to each other.

There are varying degrees of the crystalline state. Our bodies are composed of liquid crystals.
The fluids are obviously different than the muscles, bones, tendons, and so on. It is just a difference of
degree and closeness of the bonding between molecules. All are still a lyotropic mesophase of organic molecules.
It is the degree of crystallization in the various systems in the body that make them more or less solid.

Although structured water is formed as the temperature decreases, it can also happen without a
lowering of temperature. For example it happens in lakes, ponds, and streams when oxygen is added at the surface of the water.
Structuring can also happen through electrical ionization as mentioned earlier.

The work of Marcel Vogel showed that the structuring of water is also possible by spinning water
through a Pyrex glass coil around a tuned quartz crystal. Bonds between water molecules can be made
stronger. It is a matter of being able to store more energy in the interlattice vibrations.



As the bending angle in water decreases, the O – O distance decreases and the amount of energy a
vailable for the bonding of molecules increases.

The energy is measured in kilocalories (kcal), which is one thousand calories.
A mole, here, is not a tunneling, underground animal but instead the number of molecules found in
one liter of water. When the bending angle is 60o, the O – O distance is 2.6-angstrom units, and the
bonding energy is 3.1kcal/mole. If the bending angle becomes 0o, the O – O distance becomes
2.5-angstrom units and the energy for bonding increases to 7.3 kcal/mole. The energy measurement is
of all the hydrogen bonds in the entire liter of water.

Should the distance between oxygen atoms go below 2.5-angstrom units the bending angle
becomes negative. This means that the chains of hexagonal rings move away from each other or expand
 as they continue to be compressed or crumpled.

When the O – O distance is above 2.5-angstrom units the chained rings are compressing in two
directions: the diameter of the ring and the length of the ring. They are contracting rather than expanding.


The decreased bending angle means the clusters or rings are coming close to each other.
The decreased O – O distances means that the clusters or chains of rings that the molecules in the water are aligned in are being compressed.

This is the process that any liquid crystal goes through as it forms larger structures. Solid crystals
grow or expand in the direction of their layered clusters or ring structures.

Although crystalline chains of molecules are in the minority, spinning the water around a charged
Vogel-cut crystal at room temperature can increase their number.

When this is done all of the water molecules will have the O – O distance and the bending angle
decreased. The average O – O distance is 2.7-angstgrom units long. As this distance decreases to
2.5-angstrom units with a resulting bending angle of 0o, the water becomes ionized creating a positively
charged hydromium ion and one negatively charged hydroxyl ion. This is because the bonding is so strong
that the adjacent water molecules are as one. The hydromium will have no electron while the hydroxyl has an extra electron.
The proton of the hydrogen ion attaches itself to another water molecule to find an electron to
fill its orbital shell. The hydroxyl ion will remain with the hydronium ion so that their total charge will be zero.





          As the O – O distance continues to decrease larger hydronium ions groups form. At a O – O distance
of 2.4-angstrom units e hydronium ions and water molecules combine and at this small distance,
the ionic bond between water molecules is virtually as strong as the covalent bond within the water molecule.
This process continues and layered rings or clusters of water molecules continue forming.

          Water polymers are groups of adjacent water molecules bonded together into discreet alignment
patterns. Any three consecutive molecules in a hexagonal ring have an angle of 109.5o between them.
As the number of consecutive chained molecules increase this angle will increase.

          It is generally thought that there are five different types of polymers.

These are:

1.    Dimers: with two molecules

2.    Trimers: with three molecules

3.    Tetramers: with four molecules

4.    Pentamers: with five molecules and

5.    Hexamers: with six molecules

When pentamers and hexamers occur there is more energy stored in the hydrogen bonds of the water
along with a decreased O – O distance.

As well as these types of polymers, there are orders of polymers as well. They are open and cyclic.
Open polymers are groups of molecules not strongly bonded to adjacent groups of molecules.
Cyclic polymers are more strongly bonded to adjacent groups of the same kind and these groups repeat themselves.
There is no repetition in the open polymer. Cyclic polymers are more stable than open ones
and water naturally wants to form into chained structures that are cyclic.



One of the most significant things that happen to water as it becomes structured is that its “vibrational
mode” changes. A vibrational mode is the coordinated patterns in direction of motion that the atomic
nuclei have as they vibrate.

Atoms vibrate in regular, repeatable patterns. When the O – O distance in water reaches 2.4-angstrom
units there is a change in vibrational mode in many of the molecules.

The are three types of vibrational modes:

1.    Symmetric: in this mode the hydrogen atoms move away from and back to the oxygen atoms.
The movement of all the hydrogen atoms is synchronous or in phase.

2.    Asymmetric: in this mode the hydrogen atoms vibration is out of phase with each other and they tend
to cancel each other out.

3.    Deformation: in this mode the vibration of the hydrogen atoms is random and chaotic

When asymmetric vibrations happen in adjacent water molecules, the internal energy moves around and between each hexagonal ring or cluster.
The result is that the energy is broadcast throughout the sample of water and tends to make all the
molecules have the same energy and bonding levels. Because of this the amorphous condition of the
water is reduced.
When symmetric vibrations happen, the internal energy of individual hydrogen bonds
is concentrated and they increase to a high energy level producing structured



The process of proton migration (or translocation) happens when extra protons (from ionized water molecules) move back onto the water molecules
and migrate throughout their structures.
This helps to bond the molecules together and is a way to hold large molecules or chains of
molecules together.

In water the extra hydrogen atom of the hydronium ions provides the extra proton. The extra protons
move from one water molecule in the chain to another as if weaving an invisible energetic thread around
and through the chain. The migrating protons tend to move through the spaces in the structured water
chains. Minerals that are often found in these vacancies can be assisted in their bonding by the protons
forming long strings of protons and ionized minerals. The mineral salts in water tend to have long bond formations.








     The time it takes for protons to move through a single water chain is fairly long and this means that
they have a low frequency motion. Low frequency fields enhance the structuring of water.



Some of this information has already been discussed, but because of its importance I think it bears

In structured water the interlattice structure of the water molecules change.
The rotation of one tilted molecular ring onto another produces a layered crystalline system.
Each ring is loosely bonded to the one above it and below it. These are two- dimensional rings.

When these rings are moved through space, as described earlier, a three-dimensional form is created.
This produces a six-sided pyramid and the successive layers are strongly bonded to each other.
Such a procedure happens in quartz as well, but the chemical constituents are silicon and oxygen
rather than hydrogen and oxygen.

The form described is produced by the interlattice angle that happens between layered rings or
clusters. A portion of the bonding energy is transferred, through resonance, throughout the entire group
of molecules. The bonding angle between two water molecules is most stable at 26o while the permanent
angle between two hydrogen atoms is 104.5o.

The interlattice angle between successive layers of molecules in quartz is 52o.

52o is a harmonic of the 26o intramolecular bonding angle between water molecules and the hydrogen
bonding angle of 104.5o. This is why resonance transfer occurs between quartz and water without large
inputs of energy. Evidently organic molecules can be affected by quartz!

Energy transfer occurs when two vibrating systems are in resonance; when waveforms coming out
of two or more vibrating substances having nearly the same waveform: in this case H2O and SiO2.
The phase relationships of a resonating system can be defined in terms of the angular separation that
exists between adjacent molecules. In water, the six molecules that form one hexagonal ring, when in
resonance, will vibrate or broadcast its energy on a wave that has a particular frequency.
The first molecule will vibrate influencing the second molecule; the second will affect the third, and so on.
The time intervals between successive broadcasts will result in a phase delay, which can be converted into
a phase angle. Successive waves coming from an oscillating system have successive phase angles that
equal the angular separation that exists between members of the system. The phase angle within the
vibrating ring of water molecules is 60o (a ring or circle of 360o divided by 6). If there were 7 molecules in
the ring, creating the unevenness described previously, the phase angle would be 360/7 or 51.43o.
This is the principal phase angle of quartz.
Most of the internal angles of water and quartz are either fractions or multiples of this.

          How does the seven-molecule ring arise?

          As energy is stored in the hexagonal rings, the molecules are drawn closer together.
Successive layers of rings also become closer. Both of these actions increase stress on the ring structures
and at a critical point the ring is broken apart by the stress into a seven-member ring.

          This seven-member ring never actually forms. Instead, its bonding energy is held by a series of
vibrations that have phase relationships. They are harmonics of 26o (i.e.52o & 104o). When this seven
member or septimer bond forms it does so at an angle of 52o to the plane of the original hexagonal ring.
It is the bonding energy of a seventh member or molecule that is present. The seventh ring is a virtual ring
and it can function as a kind of dimensional portal.



          The shape of the hexagonal patterns of the water molecule can be altered by its stretching, twisting,
and so forth in the crystalline bonding that it can form. 

          The hexagonal rings that make water and quartz move so that they are over one another and off-center.
This is a true crystalline state. As this state arises, a luminescence happens and the crystal’s internal
energy is changed to a specific frequency of light and transmitted away for the crystalline system.

In the lyotropic mesophase of water there is a change from one vibrational mode to another,
from asymmetric (unstructured water) to symmetric (structured water). This change allows the water
molecule to alter their overall vibrational patterns.
The symmetrical vibration keeps the energy of the water molecule contained within its own interior,
where it can be modulated upwards or added to itself in a harmonic pattern. At a critical energy density,
the energy breaks the ring of hexagonal molecules and the septimer polymer of structured water molecules
is formed.



         Luminescence is the emission of light from a substance for any reason other than an increase in temperature.
Atoms emit light (photons) when its electrons are excited. This excitation can happen for any number
of reasons other than the application of heat. A photon could cause this excitation in which case the
light would be called photoluminescence. If the exciting source is a chemical reaction the process is
called chemi-luminescence; if an electron initiates the process it is called electro-luminescence.
luminescence is the emission of light by living organisms.When a liquid crystal (LC) is formed it emits
very specific frequencies that are visible. This luminescence occurs at the instant of the transition from a
liquid to a liquid crystal state. The LC will change from the lyotropic mesophase and then back to the
amorphous or purely liquid condition. The time involved in these changes has definite rates and is related to the bond formation times as described previously.

Both low and high frequencies are important to the formation of liquid crystal states.
When the lyotropic mesophase forms there is an increase in the absorption of high and low frequencies
and this energy is transformed into a bonding force that holds the crystal together. There is then also a luminescence, a visible energy emission from the liquid crystal.

The liquid crystal has the ability to reorganize energy into different frequencies.
It can modulate the low frequencies of the proton migrations into visible light, which is in turn
amplified by the high frequency ultra-violet energy.

Liquid crystals often form coils and are constantly expanding and contracting, producing
modulated electronic signals. They are broadcasting.

The body is filled with liquid crystal systems. The thoughts and emotions of an individual are initially imprinted on the molecules
(e.g. organic fats and cholesterol) and then transferred to the structured water molecules found
throughout the body. This happens whenever water molecules come into contact with organic molecules.

After the water molecules are imprinted with the vibrations that are the emotional and mental
reactions of the body it is reprocessed and recorded by the lymphatic system and then circulated through
the bloodstream. The blood carries the water molecules and their information to many of the cells
throughout the body and this information can be transferred onto other cells when the water molecules
come into contact with them.

Structured water is very important to the body and the drinking of it may reduce the body’s need
to structure water itself. Structured water can be imprinted with needed information and then taken into
the body to assist in healing.

There are much deeper levels to us besides the chemical reactions that occur in the physical body.
The body can be seen in terms of chemical reactions, the electrochemical changes that happen as a result of
chemical changes. Beyond this there is the dimension of informational coding. The frequencies that inform
the cells are composed of billions of other frequencies that are modulated onto the initial frequencies
imprinted on the cells as described earlier in the transport of information through the body via structured
water. Billions of other frequencies are modulated onto these billions of frequencies and so on.
As trillions of frequencies vibrate throughout the body they will tend to stand still within the structure of the molecule.
This is a standing wave.

Certain frequencies with the standing waves will have points of maximum amplitude.
These are called nodes and will exist at certain locations within the molecule.
 The nodal structure of the molecule is defined by the location of the points in the space that is
the molecule. The structure created by the nodal patterns is like a crystal where there will exist
specific angles between atoms. The atoms themselves are arranged into definite geometric patterns.
This level of geometry, form, and structure is the level at which Spirit manifests into matter.

The connection between the mind and body lies in the electron spin alignment in the molecules.
These control the process of crystallization. The permanent programs within the atomic nuclei are where
the Spirit/body connection lies. The proton spin rates and alignments could be a result of electron spin
rates and changes in the electrons could alter the nature of the nucleus and its atom. The proton has a
spin orientation close to that of the interlattice angle of quartz. Protons, when influenced by magnetic
fields tilt to an angle of 51o and begin to rotate. The rates of rotation are proportional to the strength of
the magnetic field. 51o is the phase angle produced when a 360o circular chain is divided by 7.
This is the wave formed when amorphous molecules and atoms are suddenly aligned into a crystalline
structure as has already been described.
Electron spin rates can also be altered by consciousness.



          It is the interlattice resonance between the quartz microstate and water that is the determining factor in
the formation of the lyotropic mesophase in water. It is the reason that water can be structured by spinning
it around a Vogel-cut quartz crystal. It does not require large amounts of energy to accomplish this.

          The structuring of water around a Vogel-cut® crystal is dependent upon the program that is imprinted
into the crystal. It is the program that brings about the abrupt change in state in the water.
A fundamental program that can bring about dramatic changes in water is that of unconditional Love.

          Why do these changes not happen when unfaceted quartz is used if indeed it is the interlattice
resonance between quartz and water that is the transfer mechanism? I believe it is the cohering ability
of the Vogel-cut crystal that allows this.

We are dealing with very subtle energies and the form geometry of raw quartz is insufficient to
generate a charge capable of affecting a charge transfer. It is the extra “boost” of the coherence of the
Vogel crystal that allows the transfer. Although there may be an internal resonance between raw quartz
and water. The external form of the crystal does not match this. There is a very low signal to noise ratio
present due to the imbalance of the physical form of the crystal. In other words, with unfaceted quartz
crystal there is much distortion and a lack of coherence in the signal or information that is being attempted
to be transferred. This noise is removed in the faceting process of the Vogel® crystal, creating a high signal
to noise ratio.

In the structuring of water the question is whether there is a field created in space when the water
is spun around a crystal. To investigate this a GE magnetometer was attached to the inside of the
structuring chamber and a series of readings were taken when the water was spun around a charged crystal.
Within the chamber was housed a stainless steel coil, the tubing being ¾” in diameter and with seven
right hand turns. The diameter of the coil was approximately six inches. The programmed Vogel-cut crystal
was placed, with the firing tip (the more acute termination) downwards, in a specially designed holder
so that it was in place within the coil.



          The chamber or enclosure for the coil and crystal was made from pine and finished with shellac. 
The magnetometer was mounted on the side of the chamber with the probe placed in the space between
the crystal and the coil. The temperature was kept at 70o F with the chamber sealed.

          For each pass around the crystal, a sample was taken for an analysis with the Omega 5,
a sample was taken for pH and conductivity measurements, and a sample was taken for infrared and
ultra-violet spectrophotometry.

          The results of these experiments showed that:

1)     water spinning in a coil generates a weak, but measurable field (0.07 milli-gauss)

2)     quartz crystals can be charged with “information” and tuned to the fields generated by spinning water

3)     a critical charge is required for “information transfer” to occur (i.e. 1-4 passes around the crystal

4)     this number of passes can be modified by the programming of the crystals

5)     the program transfer is a resonance transfer with no loss in the original program after hundreds of experiments have been done with the system

6)     Water is made to be a permanent magnet. This field remains constant after the water stops spinning and
can be removed by the application of a bulk demagnetizer.

          The basic changes noted in water after being spun around an appropriately charged Vogel-cut crystal
were as follows:

1)     decreased surface tension

2)     The appearance of two new bands of light in the infrared and ultra-violet parts of the spectrum
indicating a stretching of the molecular bonding in the water. This is indicative of more energy and
new information in the water.

3)     the conductivity of the water increases

4)     the pH of the water can be altered up to 3 points, an increase in acidity or alkalinity

5)     the freezing point of the water could drop to as much as -30 degrees C

6)     A significant number of the molecules become aligned in micro-clusters or molecular chains;
orderly, systematic, and repeating patterns. The water has become a liquid crystal system capable of
storing information.


According to Marcel:

          “This structuring is best assayed with a UV spectrophotometer where one finds an increase in
UV absorption due to an increase in the water bonding from the water forming chains on itself.
The magnetic moment of this structured water is increased by 0.07 gauss and there is also an increase
in the pH and dielectric conductivity. Boiling of the water after structuring shows no change in the
UV spectrum, so one can conclude that a permanent chemical change has taken place.
When a drop of this structured silica water is dried on a slide and compared with untreated silica water,
the photomicrographs show the formation of needle-like silica crystals in the structured water drop
while the untreated water dried to an amorphous mass of silica gel.
This shows that the process of structuring water produces a structuring or ordering effect on the solutes
in solution”.
(#3.2 March-April 1986)

Testing done with a UV spectrophotometer indicated that there is an increased level of
ultra violet absorption at the 200 nm wavelength. Marcel thought that this greater absorption meant that
the UV lightwas going into the hydrogen bonding which would mean an increase in this bonding strength.
Over 400 tests showed that there was between a 5 and 10% increase in the levels of UV absorption in approximately 85% of the cases.

Measurements were also taken at the Infra Red portion of the light spectrum.
In over 100 samples of structured water measurements were taken at between 400cm-1 and 4000 cm-1.
The measurement of cm-1 refers to the number of waves per centimeter.

Control samples were first measured for the percentage of energy absorbed and then samples of
structured water were then also tested.
There are known changes that happen in water when its
temperature is lowered. For the most part frequencies connected with the intermolecular bonding
decrease while the frequencies associated with intramolecular bonding increase.
Changes in the infrared part of the spectrum tend to happen between 2800cm-1 and 3800cm-1.

Using water at room temperature and spinning around an appropriately prepared Vogel-cut crystal
that remains stationary, the phase shifts that normally happen to water at low temperatures was reproduced.
This means that the water took on “ice like” conditions without being subjected to freezing temperatures.
The movement of the water around the crystal seems to induce a structured water microstate that can create
a lower temperature in the water.

A significant phase shift happened at the 2300cm-1 and 2800cm-1 level where normally there is a
minimal amount of IR absorption. What happened, however, was that the phase shifting at this frequency
range was the same as what happens at the maximum IR absorption.

          What is important here are that the effects of phase shifting in the infrared portion of the spectrum
and the increase in the ultraviolet energy is the measurable result of the ionization that happens when
the water is structured as well as the formation of molecular chains. The structured water is rich in oxygen
and through the process of oxidation can remove impurities both organic and inorganic when introduced
into polluted water.

          Accomplishing this by spinning water around an appropriately prepared Vogel-cut crystal
requires a minimum of energy and cost. When compared to other technologies that produce the same
or similar results.

          These same results can be seen in water that has:

  • Been taken from living tissue
  • Been treated by the laying on of hands from “healers”
  • Been subjected to rituals using chanting and meditation
  • Had its temperature lowered


The practical application of this includes agriculture, and the preservation of foods,
as well aspotential uses for healing. The energetic patterns of fertilizing agents can be stored in a
crystal and then transferred into water. The water is then used to nourish the plants being grown.
It was found in small-scale experimentation that plants treated in this way show significant growth
increase when compared to untreated specimens.

          This is not simply a matter of creating water that has been “charged”, but of creating a fluidic
medium capable of storing information, i.e. water with memory.

          If memory is being created in the water then it might be possible to create other effects
as well as the fundamental structuring. If specific programming is introduced to the crystal,
such as a homeopathic remedy, the resulting structured water should contain the vibration of the
specific remedy introduced. This might have applications in the transfer of the frequency pattern of
allopathic remedies to the water.

          Although done in a completely unscientific way, one individual has constructed their own coil
apparatus and spun water around a programmed crystal. The vibration introduced to the crystal was that
of a sedative. Holding the thought of the sedative in mind and then transferring this thought into
the crystal by the pulsed breath as described in the chapter on crystals did this. When the water was
given to a second individual to drink, an insomniac who knew nothing of the experiment,
they went into sleep just moments after drinking the water.

          Refer to Marcel Vogel’s article “Essence Chemistry” for a more detailed
account of a similar process that did not involve water.



          Substantial field experimentation was done to test the application of this process
in the treatment of wines. At the Sycamore Creek Vineyards in California, a treatment unit with
crystal was put in place between the wine holding tanks and the filtering unit. The crystal was charged
with a program pertaining to the specific type of grape that was being used for the wine production.
The overall intent was to bring the wine to its greatest potential in regard to taste, body, bouquet,
and so on. The wine could be altered to whatever parameters were set by the programmer within the
possibilities of the grapes being used. During the years of experimentation the “crystal treated” wine
won several prizes and was lauded by both wine producers and critics alike.

          In 1988 I conducted an experiment at the Psychic Research Lab in San Jose, CA in which
I was able to successfully transform a new 1988 Sauvignon Blanc to be the same as an award winning
1986 Sauvignon Blanc.

          This was the basic procedure:

          I took a sample of the 1986 wine and measured it on the Omega 5.

Once I had determined the energetics of the 1986 wine I transferred this information into
an 8 sided double terminated Vogel-cut crystal. This transfer is affected by the Omega 5.
I then took the crystal and placed it in our structuring unit. The next step was to take the
1988 Sauvignon Blanc and pour it through the unit so that it spun around the programmed crystal.
The result was not only a 1988 wine that had the same taste, body, bouquet, and appearance of the
award winning 1986, but also a 1988 wine that also measured out as being the same as the ‘86
according to the Omega. My effort was only one of many times that this procedure was replicated
with success. How does this happen?


According to Marcel:

1)       A Vogel-cut crystal tuned to water is programmed with information so that a wine will be
brought to completion with all of the reactions that are potential in its chemistry.

2)       The wine is then spun around the crystal 1 - 5 times (1x - 5x.)

3)       The wine is the measured with the Omega 5 after each spin.

4)       A decision is made as to which wine is best.

5)       Information is transferred to a master crystal and the wine is run in production.

          “When the information becomes critical (at 4x), an abrupt change in the state of the
          wine takes place in much the manner as we have seen with the liquid crystals.

          “I believe we are seeing in the wine a critical transfer of information which can then cause
          abrupt changes in the chemistry of the system
.” (#6.1 Jan 1989)

          “We have found that we can transfer a program from a laboratory unit to a larger industrial unit
and then treat the wine in line with no loss of speed for the bottling operation.
The structuring that we achieved in the winery was not dissipated by the filtering of the wine
or the bottling apparatus. We found that the structured wine is more resistant to rapid breakdown
when exposed to the atmosphere and will hold its flavor for extended periods of time.”

(PRI Newsletter #5.1 Jan-Feb 1988)



          The experiments with wine and water have also been replicated with fruit juices and milk as well.
In the case of the juice (orange) the results were quite intriguing.

          Seven cups of orange juice were used in this experiment. One was put aside as a control and
the others contained juice that had been spun around a Vogel crystal varying number of times
(as with the wine described above). Sample one passed around the crystal once, sample two passed
around the crystal twice, sample three, three times and so on up to seven. With the exception of the
control cup each was then injected with mold. The following results were observed after one month:

1)       Control: completely moldy and slimy

2)       Cup 1: very similar to control

3)       Cup 2: slightly less mold than cup 1

4)       Cup 3: even less mold than cup 2

5)       Cup 4: somewhat dark but no growth of mold at all

6)       Cup 5: somewhat dark and extensive mold growth

7)       Cup 6: extensive mold growth


          The results discovered here are in keeping with the observations in the wine and
water experiments. The fourth pass around the crystal seemed to be the most effective in regard to
information transfer and attaining the optimal results. Prior to the fourth pass there seemed to be
insufficient information transferred to the wine, water, or juice, and after the fourth pass there appeared
to be an excess of information. Once the optimal level of energetic transfer was achieved a rapid
breakdown or degeneration occurred in the medium being used exceeding even that of the control

          The peak value, as mentioned, was usually at the fourth pass around the crystal can be measured
with the Omega 5. This value can then be transferred into the crystal and only one pass around the crystal
will be necessary.

          This situation of information overload is similar to a student learning from books or classes.
There comes a point when one is unable to absorb more information and still have effective comprehension
of what was learned. Prior to this point one is still able to comprehend but may not be stimulated sufficiently to activate
one’s full learning capacity. Good educators are well aware of this dynamic

            What has possibly been created then is a situation in which various fluidic mediums could be
said to have memory, a long time contention of homeopaths. Form is memory. This dynamic does not
apply only to fluids. Gasses could also easy be spun or pumped through such an apparatus.
There are those who are currently experimenting in this way with rare earth gasses.
The results of these tests are still yet unknown, although the changes to a lyotropic mesophase
and the development of the liquid crystal chains would not occur in gas.
Possibilities are open to the open mind.

          When doing the work of spinning water around a specially tuned quartz crystal, there are certain
factors that have been found to be important. These are:

1.    The crystal used must be precisely faceted. If the cut or form geometry of the crystal is not exact this can affect the outcome

2.    The operator must be neutral in their thoughts

3.    The operator must develop a certain degree of breath control. In transferring the containers of water the
breath needs to be held in otherwise their will a transfer of charge from the operator to the water within
the container and this will contaminate the results. One is dealing with very subtle energies in this work
and they can be influenced with just minimum
of energy input.

4.    The environment must be as free as possible of other influences such as sounds (doors slamming or
merely shutting, radios, music, electrical “hum”, conversation, and miscellaneous environmental noise
such as traffic and so on.

5.    The materials used in the coil apparatus must be of the optimal available. Pyrex glass or quartz glass has
been found to be optimal, as has teakwood for the housing of the coil.
In the initial experiments pine was used, but subsequent research has shown teak to be superior.
This is probably because teak has high silica content.
Although in field studies at vineyards and so forth stainless steel was used to construct the coil
because of its durability, it is probably not the optimal material.

6.    The crystal is housed or supported within the coil with the operating tip point downwards.
The operating
tip is the most acute angle and the emission point for energies from the crystal.


Marcel once performed spinning of water around a crystal but had the crystal with the
operating tip upwards. He was standing about one meter from the coil, which at that time was
not housed in any kind of box or covering. Watching the water spin around the crystal he was hit with
a burst of energy coming from the apparatus. His eyes were burned and body physically pushed back
against the wall several feet away. The following day his eyes were “sealed” shut with yellow pus
as if he had been exposed to radiation. Four other people witnessed this phenomenon.

          Interestingly, the most powerful process of the structuring of water came not from the method
described above nor did it involve a crystal at all. Water that was exposed to the dynamics of a Catholic
Mass had higher absorption values in both the ultraviolet and infrared aspects of the light spectrum.
Marcel referred to this as “Spirit Water”.

          It was mentioned above that water that had its temperature lowered,
water that was spun around an appropriately treated Vogel crystal,
water that was exposed to the process of chanting and meditation and finally water
that was treated by a healer showed the same changes. It must be understood that in this situation
the crystal is essentially a transducer and memory storage instrument for the energies of
thought or intent. These are the same principles operating through the laying on of hands by a healer
and the ritual of chanting and meditation.
What we are seeing then is that water demonstrates the same outcome from these three processes as it
does when its temperature is lowered. This is the power of thought or intent. What can be accomplished
through a mechanical lowering of temperature can also be achieved through the power of thought and
intent. It should also be noted that in using thought and intent these energies are also
transferred to the water. It is not simply that the water becomes physically structured only.
The water becomes an information storage device. Marcel Vogel called this essence chemistry.

          In radionics the creation of vibrational remedies is often called a simulation.
This is a remedy that is not the actual physical substance but a vibrational equivalent that has
the same effect as the substance it is simulating. We see this effect in water when it is structured by being
spun around an appropriately prepared Vogel crystal. Whatever information is stored in the crystal is
transferred to the water. This process has been described above as well as elsewhere in the section
on Essence Chemistry.

          Water can be an alchemical substance and although we are surrounded by it on this planet,
we know very little about its potential. I hope the ideas in this chapter, whether accepted or not,
can be the catalyst for thought, discussion, and action.


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